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Título: Functional ability in institutionalized elders in northeastern Brazil
Autor(es): César, Ivana Daniela
Saintrain, Maria Vieira de Lima
Corrêa, Carlos Roberto Silveira
Galera, Siulmara Cristina
Saintrain, Suzanne Vieira
Vieira, Anya Pimentel Gomes Fernandes
Palavras-chave: Idoso
Data do documento: Mar-2015
Editor: Sci-Afric Journal of Scientific Issues, Research and Essays
Citação: CÉSAR, I. D. ; SAINTRAIN, M. V. L. ; CORRÊA, C. R. S. ; GALERA, S. C. ; SAINTRAIN, S. V. ; VIEIRA, A. P. G. F. (2015)
Abstract: Demographic changes are happening all over the worl d. As both the proportion of older people and the length of life increase, key questions arise. The i nstitutionalization grows according to the increased life expectancy, significantly increasing the need for care, which is not always carried out effective ly, leaving many elders without adequate monitoring and consequently with poor health. Authors emphasize that the feeling of helplessness, often tr iggered by institutionalization, may give rise to situations where lack of care fosters dependence ma king it useful and necessary to investigate the functionality of this population. Therefore, the ob jective of this study was to compare the data on th e functional status of elders in 2007 with those obta ined in 2010 in a long-term care institution. A coh ort study conducted with institutionalized elders in two stages. The first assessment occurred from April to June 2007; the second stage from August to Octob er 2010. Data were obtained through: (a) a questionnaire on socio-demographic data and general health (b) Katz Scale of Independence in Activities of Daily Living; (c) Pfeffer`s Functiona l Assessment questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 19. 0 (SPSS Co., Chicago, USA) with a significance leve l of 5%. Of all the 190 elders in the initial study, 106 remained and were assessed in the two periods o f the research. In the first study, ages ranged from 60 to 103 years (mean 74.0 ±9.9) and in the second from 63 to 106 years (mean 77.5 ±9.2). Prevalent di seases were: hypertension (27.3%), dementia (17.9%) and diabetes mellitus (8.5%). The data from the years 2007 and 2010 showed statistical difference in activities like: bathing (p=0.005), t ransferring (p=0.008), eating (p=0.003), handling medicines (p=0.032), able to walk alone (p=0.031) a nd could be safely left alone (p=0.046). Conclusively, In a 3-year period, the decrease in f unctional performance of daily activities, besides being influenced by the process of aging and chroni c degenerative diseases, may also be influenced by the strong welfare of institutionalization that p revents the implementation and performance of daily activities of elders with a consequent decrease in their quality of life.
Descrição: CÉSAR, Ivana Daniela et al. Functional ability in institutionalized elders in northeastern Brazil. Sci-Afric Journal of Scientific Issues, Research and Essays, v. 3, n. 3, p. 639-644, mar. 2015.
ISSN: 2311-6188
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