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Title in Portuguese: Metabolic syndrome, diabetes and inadequate lifestyle in first-degree relatives of acute myocardial infarction survivors younger than 45 years old
Author: Gurgel, Maria Helane C.
Montenegro Junior, Renan M.
Ponte, Clarisse M. Melo
Sousa, Tamara Cristina S.
Silva, Paulo Goberlanio B.
Belém, Lucia de Sousa
Furtado, Frederico Luis Braz
Batista, Lívia A. de Araújo
Pereira, lexandre C.
Santos, Raul D.
Keywords: Infarto do Miocárdio
Myocardial Infarction
Risk Factors
Fatores de Risco
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Lipids in Health and Disease
Citation: GURGEL, M. H. C. et al. Metabolic syndrome, diabetes and inadequate lifestyle in first-degree relatives of acute myocardial infarction survivors younger than 45 years old. Lipids in Health and Disease, London, v. 16, p. 1-7, 2017.
Abstract: Background: A premature myocardial infarction (PMI) is usually associated with a familial component. This study evaluated cardiovascular risk factors in first-degree relatives (FDR) of patients with PMI not presenting the familial hypercholesterolemia phenotype. Methods: A cross-sectional study comprising FDR of non-familial hypercholesterolemia patients who suffered a myocardial infarction <45-years age matched for age and sex with individuals without family history of cardiovascular disease. Subjects were evaluated for presence of the metabolic syndrome and its components, lifestyle, statin therapy, and laboratory parameters. Results: The sample was composed of 166 FDR of 103 PMI patients and 111 controls. The prevalence of smoking (29.5 vs. 6.3%; p < 0.001), prediabetes (40.4 vs. 27%; p < 0.001), diabetes (19.9 vs. 1.8%; p < 0.001), metabolic syndrome (64.7 vs. 36%; p < 0.001), and dyslipidemia (84.2 vs. 31.2%; p = 0.001) was greater in FDR. There was no difference on the prevalence of abdominal obesity between groups. In addition, FDR presented higher triglycerides (179.0 ± 71.0 vs. 140. 0±74.0mg/dL; p = 0.002), LDL-cholesterol (122.0 ± 36.0 vs. 113.0 ± 35 mg/dL; p = 0.031), non-HDL-cholesterol (157.0 ± 53.0 vs. 141.0 ± 41.0 mg/dL; p = 0.004), and lower HDL-cholesterol (39.0 ± 10.0 vs. 48.0 ± 14.0 mg/dL; p < 0.001) than controls. Thyrotropin levels (2.4 ± 1.6 vs. 1.9 ± 1.0 mUI/L; p =0.002)werehigherinFDR.Therisk factor pattern was like the one of index cases. Only 5.9% ( n = 10) of FDR were in use of statins. Conclusions: FDR of non-familial hypercholesterolemia patie nts with PMI presented an elevated prevalence of metabolic abnormalities, inadequate lifesty le and were undertreated for dyslipidemia.
ISSN: 1476-511X
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