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Title in Portuguese: Antileishmanial and immunomodulatory effect of Babassu-Loaded PLGA microparticles: a useful drug target to Leishmania amazonensis infection
Author: Silva, Mayara Cristina Pinto da
Brito, Jefferson Mesquita
Ferreira, Amalia dos Santos
Vale, Andre Alvares Marques
Santos, Ana Paula Azevedo dos
Silva, Lucilene Amorim
Pereira, Paulo Vitor Soeiro
Nascimento, Flavia Raquel Fernandes
Nicolete, Roberto
Guerra, Rosane Nassar Meireles
Keywords: Leishmaniose
Issue Date: Jun-2018
Publisher: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Citation: SILVA, M. C. P. da et al. Antileishmanial and immunomodulatory effect of Babassu-Loaded PLGA microparticles: a useful drug target to Leishmania amazonensis infection. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, v. 2018, p. 1-14, jun. 2018.
Abstract: The immunological and the anti-Leishmania amazonensis activity of babassu-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) [PLGA] microparticles was evaluated. The anti-Leishmania activity was evaluated against promastigotes or amastigotes forms, in Balb/c macrophages. The size of the microparticles ranged from 3 to 6.4 šœ‡m, with a zeta potential of āˆ’25 mV and encapsulation efficiency of 48%. The anti-Leishmania activity of the PLGA microparticles loaded with the aqueous extract of babassu mesocarp (MMP) (IC50) was 10-fold higher than that free extract (Meso). MMP exhibited overall bioavailability and was very effective in eliminating intracellular parasites.MMPalso reduced ex vivo parasite infectivity probably by the increased production of nitric oxide, hydrogen peroxide, and TNF-š›¼ indicating the activation of M1 macrophages. The overexpression of TNF-š›¼ did not impair cell viability, suggesting antiapoptotic effects of MMP. In conclusion, babassu-loaded microparticles could be useful for drug targeting in the treatment of leishmaniasis, due to the immunomodulatory effect on macrophage polarization and the increased efficacy as an anti-Leishmania product after the microencapsulation. These findings are of great relevance since the development of new drugs for the treatment of neglected diseases is desirable, mainly if we consider the high morbidity and mortality rates of leishmaniasis worldwide.
ISSN: 1741-427
1741-4288 (Online)
Appears in Collections:DFAR - Artigos publicados em revistas cientĆ­ficas

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