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|Title in Portuguese:||Modulation of intestinal immune and barrier functions by vitamin A: implications for current understanding of malnutrition and enteric infections in children|
|Author:||Medeiros, Pedro Henrique Q. S. de|
Pinto, Daniel V.
Almeida, Juliana Zani de
Rêgo, Juliana M. C.
Rodrigues, Francisco A. P.
Lima, Aldo Ângelo M.
Bolick, David T.
Oriá, Reinaldo B.
Guerrant, Richard L.
|Keywords:||Deficiência de Vitamina A|
Vitamin A Deficiency
Child Nutrition Disorders
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil
|Citation:||MEDEIROS, P. H. Q. S. de et al. Modulation of intestinal immune and barrier functions by vitamin A: implications for current understanding of malnutrition and enteric infections in children. Nutrients, v. 10, n. 9, p. 1-14, aug. 2018.|
|Abstract:||The micronutrient vitamin A refers to a group of compounds with pleiotropic effects on human health. These molecules can modulate biological functions, including development, vision, and regulation of the intestinal barrier. The consequences of vitamin A deficiency and supplementation in children from developing countries have been explored for several years. These children live in an environment that is highly contaminated by enteropathogens, which can, in turn, influence vitamin A status. Vitamin A has been described to modulate gene expression, differentiation and function of diverse immune cells; however, the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. This review aims to summarize the most updated advances on elucidating the vitamin A effects targeting intestinal immune and barrier functions, which may help in further understanding the burdens of malnutrition and enteric infections in children. Specifically, by covering both clinical and in vivo/in vitro data, we describe the effects of vitamin A related to gut immune tolerance/homeostasis, intestinal barrier integrity, and responses to enteropathogens in the context of the environmental enteric dysfunction. Some of the gaps in the literature that require further research are also highlighted.|
|Appears in Collections:||DFIFA - Artigos publicados em revista científica|
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