Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://www.repositorio.ufc.br/handle/riufc/5246
Título: Effect of subinihibitory and inhibitory concentrations of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng essential oil on Klebsiella pneumoniae
Autor(es): Gonçalves, Thially Braga
Braga, Milena Aguiar
Oliveira, Francisco F.M. de
Santiago, Gilvandete M.P.
Carvalho, Cibele B.M.
Cabral, Paula Brito e
Santiago, Thiago de Melo
Sousa, Jeanlex S.
Barros, Eduardo Bedê
Nascimento, Ronaldo Ferreira do
Nagão-Dias, Aparecida T.
Palavras-chave: Antibacterianos
Plectranthus
Data do documento: Ago-2012
Editor: Phytomedicine
Citação: GONÇALVES, T. B. ; BRAGA, M. A. ; OLIVEIRA, F. F.M. ; SANTIAGO, G. M.P. ; CARVALHO, C. B.M. ; CABRAL, P. B. ; SANTIAGO, T. M. ; SOUSA, J. S. ; BARROS, E. B. ; NASCIMENTO, R. F. ; NAGAO-DIAS, A. T. (2012)
Abstract: We evaluated the antimicrobial activity and some mechanisms used by subinhibitory and inhibitory concentrations of the essential oil, obtained from leaves of Plectranthus amboinicus , against a standard strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae and 5 multiresistant clinical isolates of the bacteria. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC), the rate of kill and the pH sensitivity of the essential oil were determined by microdilution tests performed in 96-well plates. Subinhibitory and inhibitory concentrations of the essential oil were tested in order to check its action on K. pneumoniae membrane permeability, capsule expression, urease activity and cell morphology. The MIC and MBC of the essential oil were 0.09 ± 0.01%. A complete inhibition of the bacterial growth was observed after 2 h of incubation with twice the MIC of the essential oil. A better MIC was found when neutral or alkaline pH broth was used. Alteration in membrane permeability was found by the increase of crystal violet uptake when the bacteria were incubated with twice the MIC levels of the essential oil. The urease activity could be prevented when all the subinhibitory concentrations were tested in comparison to the untreated group ( p < 0.001). Alteration of the bacterial morphology besides inhibition of the capsule expression was verified by atomic force microscopy, and Anthony’s stain method, respectively. Our data allow us to conclude that the essential oil of P. amboinicus can be a good candidate for future research
Descrição: GONÇALVES, Thially Braga ; BRAGA, Milena Aguiar ; OLIVEIRA, Francisco F.M. de ; SANTIAGO, Gilvandete M.P. ; CARVALHO, Cibele B.M. ; CABRAL, Paula Brito e ; SANTIAGO, Thiago de Melo ; SOUSA, Jeanlex S. ; BARROS, Eduardo Bedê ; NASCIMENTO, Ronaldo Ferreira do ; NAGAO-DIAS, Aparecida T. Effect of subinihibitory and inhibitory concentrations of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng essential oil on Klebsiella pneumoniae. Phytomedicine (Stuttgart), v. 19, n. 11, p. 962-968, ago. 2012.
URI: http://www.repositorio.ufc.br/handle/riufc/5246
ISSN: 0944-7113
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