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|Title in Portuguese:||Comparisons between myeloperoxidase, lactoferrin, calprotectin and lipocalin-2, as fecal biomarkers of intestinal inflammation in malnourished children|
|Author:||Prata, Mara de Moura Gondim|
Bolick, D. T.
Lima, A. A. M.
Guerrant, R. L.
|Citation:||PRATA, M. de M. G. et al. Comparisons between myeloperoxidase, lactoferrin, calprotectin and lipocalin-2, as fecal biomarkers of intestinal inflammation in malnourished children. Journal of Translational Science, v. 2, n. 2, p. 134-139, 2016.|
|Abstract:||Fecal biomarkers have emerged as important tools to assess intestinal inflammation and enteropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between the fecal markers, myeloperoxidase (MPO), lactoferrin (FL), calprotectin (FC) and lipocalin-2 (Lcn-2), and to compare differences by breastfeeding status as well as normalization by fecal protein or by fecal weight. Simultaneous, quantitative MPO, FL, FC and Lcn-2, levels were determined in frozen fecal specimens collected from 78 children (mean age 15.2 ± 5.3 months) in a case-control study of childhood malnutrition in Brazil. The biomarker concentrations were measured by enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay. The correlations among all biomarkers were significant (P<0.01). There were stronger correlations of fecal MPO with fecal lactoferrin and calprotectin, with lower, but still highly significant correlations of all 3 inflammatory biomarkers with Lcn-2 likely because the latter may also reflect enterocyte damage as well as neutrophil presence. Furthermore, the biomarker results with protein normalized compared to simple fecal weight normalized values showed only a slightly better correlation suggesting that the added cost and time for protein normalization added little to carefully measured fecal weights as denominators. In conclusion, fecal MPO correlates tightly with fecal lactoferrin and calprotectin irrespective of breastfeeding status and provides a common, available biomarker for comparison of human and animal model studies.|
|Appears in Collections:||PPGF - Artigos publicados em revistas científica|
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