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|Title in Portuguese:||Lithium ameliorates sleep deprivation-induced mania-like behavior, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis alterations, oxidative stress and elevations in cytokine concentration in the brain and serum of mice.|
|Author:||Valvassori, Samira S.|
Resende, Wilson R.
Gava, Fernanda F.
Peterle, Bruna R.
Carvalho, André F.
Varela, Roger B.
|Citation:||VAVASSORI, S. S. et al. Lithium ameliorates sleep deprivation-induced mania-like behavior, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis alterations, oxidative stress and elevations in cytokine concentration in the brain and serum of mice. Bipolar Disorders, v. 19, p. 246-258, 2017.|
|Abstract in Portuguese:||Objectives: The goal of the present study was to investigate the effects of lithium administration on behavior, oxidative stress parameters and cytokine levels in the periphery and brain of mice subjected to an animal model of mania induced by paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD). Methods: Male C57 mice were treated with saline or lithium for 7 days. The sleep deprivation protocol started on the 5th day during for the last 36 hours of the treatment period. Immediately after the sleep deprivation protocol, animals locomotor activity was evaluated and serum and brain samples was extracted to evaluation of corticosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone circulating levels, oxidative stress parameters and citokynes levels. Results: The results showed that PSD induced hyperactivity in mice, which is considered a mania-like behavior. PSD increased lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage to DNA, as well as causing alterations to antioxidant enzymes in the frontal cortex, hippocampus and serum of mice. In addition, PSD increased the levels of cytokines in the brains of mice. Treatment with lithium prevented the mania-like behavior, oxidative damage and cytokine alterations induced by PSD. Conclusions: Improving our understanding of oxidative damage in biomolecules, antioxidant mechanisms and the inflammatory system − alterations presented in the animal models of mania – is important in helping us to improve our knowledge concerning the pathophysiology of BD, and the mechanisms of action employed by mood stabilizers.|
|metadata.dc.type:||Artigo de Periódico|
|Appears in Collections:||DMC - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas|
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