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Title in Portuguese: Viral hepatitis in female sex workers using the respondent-driven sampling
Author: Matos, Marcos André de
França, Divânia Dias da Silva
Carneiro, Megmar Aparecida dos Santos
Martins, Regina Maria Bringel Martins
Kerr, Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
Caetano, Karlla Antonieta Amorim
Pinheiro, Raquel Silva Pinheiro
Araújo, Lyriane Apolinário de
Mota, Rosa Maria Salani
Matos, Marcia Alves Dias de
Motta-Castro, Ana Rita Coimbra
Teles, Sheila Araújo
Keywords: Hepatite B
Hepatite C
Hepatite Viral Humana
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: Revista de Saúde Pública
Citation: MATOS, M. A. de et al. Viral hepatitis in female sex workers using the respondent-driven sampling. Revista de Saúde Pública, São Paulo, v. 51, p. 1-11, jun. 2017.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus and C virus infections and their genotypes and analyze the risk factors for the markers of exposure to hepatitis B virus in female sex workers in a region of intense sex trade. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study performed with four hundred and two female sex workers in Goiânia, Brazil. Data have been collected using the Respondent-Driven Sampling. The women have been interviewed and tested for markers of hepatitis B and C viruses. Positive samples have been genotyped. The data have been analyzed using the Respondent-Driven Sampling Analysis Tool, version 5.3, and Stata 11.0. RESULTS The adjusted prevalence for hepatitis B virus and C virus were 17.1% (95%CI 11.6–23.4) and 0.7% (95%CI 0.1–1.5), respectively. Only 28% (95%CI 21.1–36.4) of the participants had serological evidence of vaccination against hepatitis B virus. Being older (> 40 years), being single, having a history of blood transfusion and use of cocaine, and ignoring the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections were associated with positivity for hepatitis B virus (p < 0.05). We have detected the subgenotype A1 of hepatitis B virus (n = 3) and the subtypes of hepatitis C virus 1a (n = 3) and 1b (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS We can observe a low prevalence of infection of hepatitis B and C viruses in the studied population. However, the findings of the analysis of the risk factors show the need for more investment in prevention programs for sexual and drug-related behavior, as well as more efforts to vaccinate this population against hepatitis B. The genotypes of the hepatitis B virus and C virus identified are consistent with those circulating in Brazil.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISBN: 1518-8787 (on line)
ISSN: 0034-8910
Appears in Collections:DSC - Artigos publicados em revista científica

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