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Title in Portuguese: Predictors of pressure ulcer risk in adult intensive care patients: a retrospective case-control study
Author: Medeiros, Ana Beatriz de Almeida
Fernandes, Maria Isabel da Conceição Dias
Tinôco, Jéssica Dantas de Sá
Cossi, Marcelly Santos
Lopes, Marcos Venicios de Oliveira
Lira, Ana Luisa Brandão de Carvalho
Keywords: Cuidados Críticos
Critical Care
Lesão por Pressão
Pressure Ulcer
Issue Date: Apr-2018
Publisher: Intensive and Critical Care Nursing
Citation: MEDEIROS, A. B. A. et al. Predictors of pressure ulcer risk in adult intensive care patients: aretrospective case-control study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, Edinburgh, v. 45, p. 6-10, apr. 2018.
Abstract: Objectives: To evaluate the predictive power of risk factors for pressure ulcers in adult intensive care patients. Method: A retrospective case-control study was performed utilising a heterogeneous sample group allo- cated into a case group with pressure ulcers ( n = 90) and a control group without pressure ulcers ( n = 90). The analysis explored the predictive power of risk factors for pressure ulcers using a hierarchical logistic regression model. Results: The risk factors that predicted pressure ulcers were friction (OR = 5.97), previous history of pres- sure ulcers (OR = 5.43), prolonged intensive care unit stay (OR = 3.92), dehydration (OR = 3.18), elevated skin temperature by 1–2 ◦ C (OR = 3.12) and treatment of other comorbidities (OR = 2.79). Conclusion: Adult intensive care patients have an increased risk of developing a pressure ulcer. These risk factors are regarded as strong predictors for pressure ulceration. This study advances nursing knowledge in that it investigates additional risk factors for the development of pressure ulcers and it identifies a set of factors that best predict their occurrence, which may contribute to the nurses’ diagnostic reasoning in the intensive care unit.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 0964-3397
1532-4036 (On line)
Appears in Collections:DENF - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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