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Title in Portuguese: Gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities integrated to chemical composition of Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão : a conservationist proposal for the species
Author: Galvão, W. R. Aguiar
Braz Filho, R.
Canuto, K. M.
Ribeiro, P. R. V.
Campos, A. R.
Moreira, A. C. O. M.
Silva, S. O.
Mesquita Filho, F. A.
Santos, S. A. A. R.
Melo Junior, J. M. A.
Gonçalves, N. G. G.
Fonseca, S. G. C.
Bandeira, M. A. M.
Keywords: Anacardiaceae
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Publisher: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Citation: GALVÃO, W. R. A. et al. Gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities integrated to chemical composition of Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão : a conservationist proposal for the species. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Limerick, v. 222, p. 177-189, aug. 2018.
Abstract: Ethnopharmacological relevance: Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão (Aroeira-do-Sertão), Anacardiaceae, is one of the most used plants in folk medicine in Northeastern Brazil as an anti-inflammatory, healing and antiulcer. This species is threatened with extinction due to anthropogenic exploitation. The importance of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of a conservationist model of replacement of the M. urundeuva adult tree (inner bark) for its under developing plants (shoots) in order to ensure the preservation of this species, but also to ensure sufficient raw material for pharmaceutical purposes. Aim of the study: To characterize chemically and assess the gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities of the fluid extracts from M. urundeuva innebark (adult plant) as well as stem and leaves of shoots (young plant). Materials and methods: The fluid extracts were prepared by maceration-percolation with hydroalcoholic solution according to the methodology described in the Brazilian Pharmacopoeia. These extracts were cleaned-up through solid phase extraction (SPE) and chemically characterized by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-QTOF MS/MS). Gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities of the extracts (700 or 1000 mg/kg) were assessed on ethanol-induced gastric lesions and Croton oil-induced ear edema in rats, respectively. The extracts were evaluated for cytotoxicity in vitro. Results: The UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS analysis evidenced the presence of chalcones, flavonoids and tannins. Gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities achieved with fluid extracts from the stems and leaves was similar to inner bark. The fluid extracts were not toxic. Conclusion: It is possible to replace the inner bark of the adult tree for the stems and leaves from the shoots as raw material to be used in the preparation of its the phytotherapeutics. Therefore, this finding may help in the implementation of public policies that ensure the conservation of the species along with its sustainable use for pharmaceutical purposes.
ISSN: 0378-8741
1872-7573 (Online)
Appears in Collections:DFAR - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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