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|Title in Portuguese:||Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. elicits vasorelaxation of rat thoracic aorta through nitric oxide and K+ channels dependent mechanism|
|Author:||Carvalho, Emanuella F. de|
Nunes, André F.
Silva, Náiguel C. B.
Gomes, João Paulo da Silva
Sousa, Renato P. de
Silva, Valdelâ nia G.
Nunes, Paulo H. M.
Santos, Rosimeire F.
Chaves, Mariana H.
Oliveira, Aldeidia P.
Oliveira, Rita C. M.
|Citation:||CARVALHO, Emanuella F. de et al. Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. elicits vasorelaxation of rat thoracic aorta through nitric oxide and K+ channels dependent mechanism. Biology Open, v. 28, p. 1-8, mar. 2019.|
|Abstract:||Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. (Combretaceae) is a plant commonly found in the regions of the Brazilian cerrado, popularly used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. There are no reports in the literature on the use of T. fagifolia for the treatment of the cardiovascular system conditions. Nevertheless, plants of the same genus, such as Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.)Wight & Arn and Terminalia superba Engler & Diels, present cardioprotective, hypotensive and vasodilatating effects. In light of this, the aim of the study was to investigate the effect of the ethanolic extract (Tf-EE) and of its aqueous (Tf-AQF), hexanic (Tf-HEXF) and hydroethanolic (Tf-HAF) partition fractions obtained from the stem bark of T. fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. The effects of the extract and partition fractions of T. fagifolia were evaluated on isometric tensions in the thoracic aorta rings of Wistar rats (250–300 g). Tf-EE, Tf-HEXF and Tf-HAF presented a concentration-dependent vasorelaxant effect, and Tf-AQF presented a vasorelaxant effect that was more potent in the presence of endothelium. The relaxation curves of the aorta promoted by the fraction investigated were attenuated in the presence of the following pharmacological tools: L-NAME, ODQ or PTIO. The vasorelaxant effect of the aorta promoted by Tf-AQF was attenuated in the presence of TEA and 4-AP. Tf-EE induced a concentrationdependent and endothelium-independent vasorelaxation. Tf-HAF and Tf-HEXF presented concentration-dependent and vascularendothelium- independent vasorelaxation, but did not obtain 100% of relaxation. On the other hand, Tf-AQF presented concentrationdependent vasorelaxation that was more potent in aorta rings with vascular endothelium. The relaxant mechanism induced by the Tf-AQF involves the NO/sGC/cGMP pathway and channels Kv.|
|Appears in Collections:||DFIFA - Artigos publicados em revista científica|
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