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Title in Portuguese: Double-blind clinical trial of arginine supplementation in the treatment of adult patients with sickle cell anaemia
Author: Eleutério, Renata M. N.
Nascimento, Francisco O.
Araújo, Tamara G.
Castro, Marilena F.
Almeida Filho, Tarc-sio P.
Maia Filho, Pedro A.
Eleutério Jr., José
Elias, Darcielle B. D.
Lemes, Romélia P. G.
Keywords: Ensaio Clínico
Clinical Trial
Anemia Falciforme
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Issue Date: Feb-2019
Publisher: Advances in Hematology
Citation: ELEUTÉRIO, Renata M. N. et al. Double-blind clinical trial of arginine supplementation in the treatment of adult patients with sickle cell anaemia. Advances in Hematology, v. 2019, p. 1-6, feb. 2019.
Abstract: Background. Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is the most prevalentmonogenic disease in Brazil. In SCA, haemoglobin S (HbS) is formed, whichmodifies red blood cell morphology. Intravascular haemolysis occurs, in which free Hb and free radicals degrade nitric oxide (NO) and release arginase, which reduces arginine levels. Because arginine is a substrate for NO formation, this decrease leads to reduced NO (vasodilator) synthesis. SCA treatment uses hydroxyurea (HU) to maintain high foetal haemoglobin (HbF) levels and reduces HbS to avoid haemolytic episodes. Objective. To analyse the efficacy of L-arginine as an adjuvant in the treatment of SCA patients. Setting. The State Blood Centre of Cear´a, Brazil. Methods. This was a randomized double-blind clinical study of adults with SCA with continuous use of HU at the State Blood Centre of Cear´a. The clinical study enrolled 25 patients receiving HU + L-arginine (500mg) and 25 patients receivingHU+ placebo.The treatment was carried out over fourmonths. Laboratory tests were performed to determine the levels of the following: (1) complete blood count; (2) nitrite + nitrate; (3) HbF; and (4) reticulocytes. The clinical experiments were performed by a haematologist. The main outcome measures were nitrite and pain. Results. Statistical analysis showed that the levels of NO were increased in the study group, and there was also a reduction in pain frequency using a pain frequency scale by day, week, and month.The levels of nitrite plus nitrate in the group receiving placebo plus HU did not change among the times evaluated (38.27 ± 17.27 mg/L, 39.49 ± 12.84 mg/L, 34.45 ± 11.25 mg/L, p >0.05), but in the patients who received supplementation with L-arginine plus HU, a significant increase in nitrite plus nitrate levels was observed between M0 and M4 (36.55 ± 20.23 mg/L versus 48.64 ± 20.63 mg/L, p =0.001) and M2 and M4 (35.71 ± 15.11 mg/L versus 48.64 ± 20.63 mg/L, p <0.001). It is important to note that the increase in nitrite plus nitrate levels occurred only in the fourth month of follow-up of patients in the treatment group, showing that at least 4months of supplementation with L-arginine is necessary to show an increase in these metabolites in the serum. Conclusion. The use of L-arginine as a coadjuvant in the treatment of sickle cell anaemia may function as a potential tool for pain relief, consequently improving the life of patients.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 0021-8979
1089-7550 (On line)
Appears in Collections:DFAR - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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