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Title in Portuguese: Prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in female prison correctional officers in a national sample in Brazil
Author: Silva, Ana Zaira da
Mota, Rosa Maria Salani
Macena, Raimunda Hermelinda Maia
Pires Neto, Roberto da Justa
Ferreira, Marcelo José Monteiro
Araújo, Priscila França de
Moreira, Thereza Maria Magalhães
Seal, David W.
Kendall, Carl
Kerr, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo
Keywords: Hipertensão
Saúde do Trabalhador
Saúde do Trabalhador
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Journal of Occupational Health
Citation: SILVA, Ana Zaira da et al. Prevalence of hypertension and associated factors in female prison correctional officers in a national sample in Brazil. J Occup Health, v. 62, n. 1, e12163, jan./dez., 2020. Disponível em: Acesso em: 04/05/2021.
Abstract: Objectives: To estimate hypertension prevalence and associated factors among fe male correctional officers (FCO) in female Brazilian prisons. Methods: Cross-sectional, analytical study conducted in 15 female prisons in all five Brazilian regions between January 2014 and December 2015. The study population consisted of correctional officers with at least 6 months in the position. The sam pling included 40% of FCO present in the prison during data collection, yielding 295 FCOs. Data were collected via Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview. A physical examination of participants was conducted including blood pressure, weight, and waist and hip circumference. The Odds Ratio and confidence intervals for independ ent factors were estimated. Results: Hypertension prevalence in correctional officers was 37.9%, (95% CI 32.1- 44.0). Hypertension was associated with obesity (95% CI = 1.884-9.947), cardio vascular disease (95% CI = 3.348-16.724), and participation in the specific training course for the relevant position (95% CI = 1.413-9.564). Conclusions: While findings, except for the last factor, are not novel, this is the first such study conducted in Brazil. Hypertension prevalence among this pool of all female correctional officers is higher than in the average population, and FCOs associate this with the prison environment. Current training does not appear to ad dress this problem. Especially since prison populations are growing in Brazil, this problem needs to be addressed for the health of the FCOs and the prisoners in their care.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 1348-9585
Appears in Collections:PPGSP - Artigo publicado em revista científica

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