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Title in Portuguese: Clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with chikungunya fever: a retrospective analysis
Author: Mesquita, Lucas Lobo
Macedo, Ênio Simas
Parente Filho, Sérgio Luiz Arruda
Beserra, Francisca Lillyan Christyan Nunes
Girão, Evelyne Santana
Ferragut, Juliana Mandato
Pires Neto, Roberto da Justa
Silva Júnior, Geraldo Bezerra da
Daher, Elizabeth De Francesco
Keywords: Arbovirus Infections
Infecções por Arbovirus
Chikungunya Fever
Febre de Chikungunya
Acute Kidney Injury
Lesão Renal Aguda
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Citation: MESQUITA, L. L. et al. Clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients with chikungunya fever: a retrospective analysis. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, v. 14, n. 4, p. 183-186, may, 2021. Disponível em: Acesso em: 26/05/2021.
Abstract: Objective: To describe the prognostic and clinical profile of hospitalized patients with chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection focusing on renal outcomes. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study including all patients with confirmed chikungunya fever (CHIKF) admitted to 3 different high complexity hospitals in Fortaleza, Brazil between January 2016 and June 2017. Data analysis was carried out to evaluate correlation between clinical profile and outcomes. Results: Fifty-five patients were included, with a median age of 77 (IQR=21) years, and 23 (41.82%) were male. Twenty-five patients (45.45%, 25/55) developed acute kidney injury (AKI), and 15 (60.00%, 15/25) were classified as KDIGO 1, 1 (4.00%) as KDIGO 2, and 9 (36.00%) as KDIGO 3. The overall mortality was 34.54% whilst AKI-related mortality was 64.00% (16/25). Both AKI and encephalitis were associated with higher mortality. Patients who died were significantly older [82 (IQR=12) years vs. 70 (IQR= 28.75) years, P<0.001)]. In the multivariate analysis, abdominal pain was associated with an increased risk of severe AKI (OR=5.33, 95% CI=1.11–25.64, P=0.037) and AKI was an independent risk factor of death (OR=12.06, 95% CI=2.55–57.15, P=0.002). Recovery of renal function was similar among the different age groups. Conclusions: AKI is present in half of the study population and is an independent risk factor of death. Thus, renal function should be carefully monitored in hospitalized patients with CHIKV infection.
metadata.dc.type: Artigo de Periódico
ISSN: 1995-7645
Appears in Collections:DMC - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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