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Title in Portuguese: Effects of Bixa orellana L. Seeds on Hyperlipidemia
Author: Ferreira, Jamile M.
Sousa, Daniel F.
Dantas, Mariana B.
Fonseca, Said G. C.
Menezes, Dalgimar B.
Martins, Alice M. C.
Queiroz, Maria Goretti R. de
Keywords: Bixa orellana
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Publisher: Phytotherapy Research
Citation: FERREIRA, J. M. et al. Effects of Bixa orellana L. Seeds onHyperlipidemia. Phytotherapy Research, London, GB, v. 27, n. 1, p. 144-147, jan. 2013.
Abstract: Bixa orellana L., urucum, or urucu, a native tropical tree of Central and South American rain forests is used to treat various diseases in popular medicine. In Ceará, Northeast of Brazil, the seeds of urucum have been used for the treatment of high lipid blood levels. The present study investigated the effects of the aqueous extract from Bixa orellana seeds (AEBO) in mice with hyperlipidemia induced by tyloxapol, fructose and ethanol. In hyperlipidemia induced by TritonWR1339, 400 and 800mg/kg AEBO reduced triglycerides (TG) serum levels at 24 h and 48 h. In the study of hypertriglyceridemia induced by fructose, AEBO in doses of 400mg/kg and 800mg/kg reduced TG levels by 48.2%and 48.7%, respectively. Finally, the ethanol experimental model with 400mg/kg AEBO promoted a reduction of 33.6% of TG levels, while the 800mg/kg concentration reduced hypertriglyceridemia in 62.2%. In conclusion, the aqueous extract of the seeds of Bixa orellana was capable of reversing the hypertriglyceridemia induced by Triton, fructose and ethanol, demonstrating a hypolipidemic effect. However, further studies are necessary to discover the precise mechanism of action. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN: 0951-418X
Appears in Collections:DFAR - Artigos publicados em revistas científicas

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